Abstract Technological advancements have become widespread, and their implementation into products of everyday use is accelerating. Technology has the potential to improve the lives of older adults by increasing their safety, security, and independence in daily life. However, too often older adults' capabilities and limitations are not considered in the design of current and future technologies. In 1990, the National Research Council identified the importance of human factors in the design of technology for an aging population. The goal of this chapter is to review research on aging and technology since that report to determine the contributions of human factors research to issues of aging and technology design. In this chapter we address the extent to which older adults use new technologies, factors to consider in the adoption of technology (e.g., attitudes), the influence of technology design on older adults' performance (e.g., design of input devices), and ways to optimize training for older adults in using new technologies (e.g., age-specific instructional designs). We then review emerging areas of research that may direct the focus of human factors research in the next decade. These areas of research include ubiquitous computing (e.g., home monitoring systems), health care technologies (e.g., telehealth), robotics (e.g., Nursebot), and automated systems (e.g., cruise control). Finally, we consider opportunities and challenges to human factors research as the field continues to address the questions of optimizing technology for older adult users.
Abstract Objectives: I identify major theoretical and practical contributions to aging and human performance as reflected primarily in the pages of Human Factors.Background: Populations worldwide are aging. True experimental work on aging is not possible because age levels cannot be manipulated. Sophisticated theoretical frameworks and modeling techniques are required to reach valid inferences about age effects and age changes. Method:Citation analysis was used to identify articles in Human Factors dealing with age or aging and to rank them for citation impact. Results: Special issues on aging were followed by increased publication rates for articles on age or aging, particularly in the 1990s. Most-cited articles deal primarily with age and driving. Conclusions:Applied contributions rely on improved measurement of performance and on methodological advances, including simulation and modeling. Design changes that provide environmental support for declining cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor abilities can serve as a powerful intervention for maintaining and improving older adult performance. Training is also a robust way to improve performance at both the basic ability level and the level of task performance. Human factors specialists can improve quality of life for an aging population. Applications: Guidelines for older users are now being developed by standards bodies and are implemented in domains such as Web design. Much of the focus of human factors research has been on improving efficiency in the performance of aging adults in the workforce, but reducing errors and increasing comfort and satisfaction in health-related activities should receive greater attention.
Technology Innovation for Healthcare in Aging Societies
TITLE: Technology Innovation for Healthcare in Aging Societies
SPEAKER: Jean-Pierre Auffret
EVENT DATE: 2018/05/16
RUNNING TIME: 72 minutes
TRANSCRIPT: View Transcript (link will open in a new window)
Jean-Pierre Auffret of the George Mason University School of Engineering reviewed and analyzed the status and potential of information and communications technology for healthcare in aging societies including the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia. Many developed economies are actively planning and adjusting for aging societies including Japan, Korea and Germany as well as the U.S. These countries have established healthcare and pension systems, community based senior services, and robust information and communications technology and mobile ecosystems which provide the flexibility for healthcare, social inclusion and labor productivity.
INTEREST GROUP SESSION - ENVIRONMENTAL GERONTOLOGY: AGING IN THE MARGINS: THEMES OF VULNERABILITY A B Mitchell J Yeh Innovation in Aging, Volume 2, Issue suppl_1, 1 November 2018, Pages 376,https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igy023.1394 Published: 11 November 2018
The Environmental Gerontology Interest Group symposium presents five studies from the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada that focus on marginalized people and places. The studies interrogate barriers to and supports for aging in place, including the influence of mental health, challenges faced by homeless older adults, and effects of gentrification. Utilizing community-based participatory research approaches, as well as qualitative and quantitative methods, the studies examine hazardous contexts and precarious personal experiences often-overlooked in aging research and urban policymaking. The symposium critically explores themes of vulnerability in later life and demonstrates avenues for future research.